Writing Tips From a Writer in the Trenches:

Beta Readers: What You Need to Know

New writers often find themselves overwhelmed by information and advice from so many different sources.

So many terms you’ve probably never heard of before: Purple prose, murdering darlings, active voice, passive voice, deep point of view, critique partners, beta readers…the list goes on and on.

And so much of the advice you get is contradictory: Never use present tense, present tense is great for young adult novels, never use a prologue, prologues are wonderful, join a writing group, don’t join a writing group, use at least five beta readers, never use more than two, find a critique partner, you don’t need a critique partner.

It took me a while to figure things out and decide which advice to take. I can’t offer you a definitive list, because what resonates with one writer, may be useless to another.

My advice is to read craft books, take classes, sit in on a writing group to see how it functions, go to workshops if you can, many are free, and come up with your own list.

Two pieces of advice I’ve found very useful in my writing career, are: use beta readers and find a critique partner. (Stay tuned for my piece on critique partners.)

This post will be about everything you’ve ever wanted to know about beta readers, and possibly more.

Beta Readers

Definition according to Wikipedia:

A beta reader is usually an unpaid test reader of an unreleased work of writing who gives feedback from the point of view of an average reader to the author

  • Beta readers aren’t professionals, offering only their opinions as an average reader. They can help identify places in the manuscript where issues with plot, pacing, and consistency exist, and help point out areas in the narrative where the story does not create the emotional response the author was looking for.
  • Typically, an author will give a beta reader a list of things they are concerned about and ask that the reader comment on these things. Betas provide broad impressions only, no line edits or copyedits.
  • It’s best to use more than one beta reader, at least five for me. Having the opinion of a group of readers allows you to look for repetition of the same comments on the same sections. One comment is an opinion, two suggests a possible issue, three confirms that something is not working, and five clearly identifies an area that must be rewritten.
  • If possible, choose betas who are in your target audience: preferred genre, age category, interests, and even gender. It won’t serve you as well to ask someone who only enjoys hard science fiction to read your romance novel or to ask a romance reader to read a high fantasy story. Chances are, they won’t enjoy the story. Of course, they could still offer helpful feedback, but their reading preferences may colour that feedback. That being said, there are people who read across a wide variety of genres, who understand the publishing world, and who are capable of putting aside their personal preferences and offering constructive feedback. Often these are other writers who don’t necessarily write in your genre but have a clear understanding of what makes a story work.
  • Of course, we all want our families and friends to read our work, and there’s nothing wrong with that, but if you’re looking for honest constructive feedback, it’s best to choose people who are not emotionally connected to you. This means they won’t be afraid to hurt your feelings if something in the narrative is not working for them.
  • And speaking of feelings, if at all possible, search for individuals who understand that constructive criticism does not mean shredding someone’s work. Readers who are able to make their point firmly and confidently but are able to do so in a kind manner, are invaluable.
  • Use readers who have not read your manuscript before. Fresh eyes are always best. If you revise, start with new readers again.

Okay, you’ve figured out what beta readers are and how to choose them, and now…

Where do you find them?

  1. Twitter. Check out the hastag: #betareaders or #BetaReader, etc. You can ask for readers by tweeting with this tag. Follow @critqueconnect, you can read all about this new project here:
  2. Goodreads: You can find beta groups here:
  3. Local writing groups can be a good source of beta readers. Often other writers are interested in swapping manuscripts
  4. Writing conferences can also be a great place to find other writers interested in sharing manuscripts for review.
  5. Facebook. There are countless groups dedicated to beta readers that you can ask to join. Here are just a few: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1662819743977604/ https://www.facebook.com/groups/241737905853186/ https://www.facebook.com/groups/1782619931753141/

What to ask for from your Beta Readers?

There are many checklists available for free online. Choose one that best suits your needs. The clearer you are in stating your expectations for your betas, the more useful their responses will be.

This one that I use

Beta Reader Questionnaire

1.) Does the opening (i.e. first line, paragraph, page and/or chapter) draw you into the story?

2.) Did you connect with the characters and care if they succeed in the story? Did you love or love to hate the appropriate characters? If not, can you explain why?

3.) If there are romantic elements to the story, do you long for the hero and heroine to end up together? If not, why?

4.) Was the dialogue believable or did you find it stilted? Was the speech appropriate for the time, place and world created by the author? Did it remain consistent throughout the story?

5.) Did you “see” the world the author engrossed you in, or did you have trouble visualizing the scenery, clothing, architecture, etc.?

6.) Was there any place in the book that you lost focus while reading? If so, when and why?

7.) Were you emotionally satisfied at the end? Do you want to read another book by the author? Would you recommend this book to a friend? Please explain if there are any issues that would prevent you from purchasing or recommending this book to a friend.

8.) Did you have trouble focusing on the storyline due to any editing issues (i.e. punctuation, capitalization and spelling)?

Please provide any additional notes that you’d like to share with the author:

* * *

That’s pretty much all I can think of to tell you…

Now, go write.


Leslie Wibberley

The NYC Midnight Writing Challenges: Why I Enter When I Have No Expectation Of Winning.

For this writer, it’s all about the challenge of writing to prompts within a time limit, and the joy of creating new stories I’d never otherwise have written.

A group of my writing friends has been entering these contests for the past few years. So far, I’ve participated both in the short story challenge and flash challenge twice each.

Some may think we’re a little mad to subject ourselves to the stress of being given three randomly generated prompts: a genre, an object, and a setting, and then brainstorming, outlining, writing, and editing these stories in a very short period of time. In the case of the flash challenge, a 1000 word story in 48 hours, and for the short story challenge, 2500 words in 8 days.

Though, for me, it’s more like 44 hours or 7 and a half days of procrastination, and a few hours of everything else.

And based on some of the conversations we have in our Facebook support group, we probably are a little mad.

What I love though, is the exhilaration of creating a story from nothing, a story that I would never, in a million years, have written on my own.

Some of my favourite prompts include: Suspense, fishing tackle shop, and a Pina Colada. How’s that for random? (I won first in my heat for that one, despite never having written a suspense story in my life.)

I’ve had suspense, thriller, historical fiction, fairy tale—twice, romantic comedy, horror, and just last weekend, a ghost story. Most of which are genres I’ve never even considered writing in.

Creating a story so far out of my wheelhouse stretches me as a writer. I’ve learned so much from these efforts, and because I’m rather a competitive sort, I never give up. I keep pushing until I have my story submitted, usually with only minutes to spare.

And I absolutely adore the sense of camaraderie I have with the other writers in our group as we whine, and moan, complain, and ultimately…create.

I’ve been fortunate enough to have moved on to the next round each time I’ve entered, though I’ve never moved on to the final. But I don’t mind at all, because even better, I’ve sold two of the stories I created in these contests.

So, if you’re like me and you love to push yourself, sign up for the next challenge.

Who knows what kind of magic you’ll create.

The Short Story Challenge 2019
The Short Story Challenge is an international writing competition that challenges writers to create short stories in as…www.nycmidnight.com

The Flash Fiction Challenge 2018
The Flash Fiction Challenge is a competition that challenges writers around the world to create original stories no…www.nycmidnight.com

The Screenwriting Challenge 2019
The Screenwriting Challenge is a competition that challenges writers to create short screenplays in as little as 24…www.nycmidnight.com